Xicalcoliuhqui ( greca in Spanish) is a common motif in Mesoamericanart. It is composed of three or more steps connected to a hook or spiral, reminiscent of a “greek-key” meander.
Pre-Columbian examples may be found on everything from jewelry, masks, ceramics, sculpture, textiles and featherwork to painted murals, codices and architectural elements of buildings.
Mitla is the second most important archeological site in the state of Oaxaca in Mexico, and the most important of the Zapotecculture.
The main distinguishing feature of Mitla is the intricate mosaic fretwork and geometric designs that profusely adorn the walls of both the Church and Columns groups. The geometric patterns called grecas in Spanish seen on some of the stone walls and door frames are made from thousands of cut, polished stones that are fitted together without mortar.